Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012



Vendor: Microsoft Certified Partners for Learning Solutions (CPLS) - SQL Server 2012
Course # 10774
Course Starts On: January 27, 2014 - May 5, 2014 -
Length of the Course: 5 Days
Price: $2,625 – Click Here to Pre Register

Course Description

This 5-day instructor led course provides students with the technical skills required to write basic Transact-SQL queries for Microsoft SQL Server 2012. This course is the foundation for all SQL Server-related disciplines; namely, Database Administration, Database Development and Business Intelligence. This course helps people prepare for exam 70-461. Many of the exercises in this course are SQL Azure enabled.

The Beta version of this course (10774AB) utilizes pre-release software in the virtual machine for the labs. Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Release Candidate 0 (RC0) is used in this course. Many of the exercises in this course are SQL Azure enabled.

Course Objectives:

After completing this course, students will be able to:
•Write SELECT Queries
•Query Multiple Tables
•Use Built-In Functions
•Use Subqueries
•Execute Stored Procedures
•Use Set Operators
•Implement Error Handling
•Implementing Transactions
•Use Table Expressions
•Sort and Filter Data
•Use Window Ranking, Offset and Aggregate Functions
•Query SQL Server Metadata
•Program with T-SQL
•Improve Query Performance

Course Audience:

This course is intended for Database Administrators, Database Developers, and Business Intelligence professionals. The course will very likely be well attended by SQL power users who aren’t necessarThis course is intended for Database Administrators, Database Developers, and Business Intelligence professionals. The course will very likely be well attended by SQL power users who aren’t necessarily database-focused or plan on taking the exam; namely, report writers, business analysts and client application developers.

Course PreRequisites:

Before attending this course, students must have:
•Working knowledge of relational databases.
•Basic knowledge of the Microsoft Windows operating system and its core functionality.

Course Outline:

Module 1: Introduction to Microsoft SQL Server 2012
This module introduces the SQL Server platform and major tools. It discusses editions, versions, tools used to query, documentation sources, and the logical structure of databases.
Lessons
•SQL Server Denali Architecture
•Working with SQL Server Denali Tools
•Working with SQL Server Databases
Lab : Working with SQL Server Denali Tools (Azure enabled)
•Working with SQL Server Management Studio
•Exploring with Database Objects
•Organizing and Creating T-SQL Scripts
•Using Books Online

Module 2: Introduction to Transact-SQL Querying
This module introduces Transact SQL as the primary querying language of SQL Server. It discusses the basic structure of T-SQL queries, the logical flow of a SELECT statement, and introduces concepts such as predicates and set-based operations.
Lessons
•Introducing Transact-SQL
•Understanding Sets
•Understanding Predicate Logic
•Understanding the Logical Order of Operations in SELECT Statements
Lab : Introduction to Transact-SQL Querying
•Executing Basic SELECT Statements
•Executing queries which filter data using predicates
•Executing queries which sort data using ORDER BY

Module 3: Writing SELECT Queries
This module introduces the fundamentals of the SELECT statement, focusing on queries against a single table.
Lessons
•Writing Simple SELECT Statements
•Eliminating Duplicates with DISTINCT
•Using Column and Table Aliases
•writing Simple CASE Expressions
Lab : Writing Basic SELECT statements
•Write simple SELECT statements
•Eliminate Duplicates using DISTINCT
•Use table and column aliases
•Use a simple CASE expression

Module 4: Querying Multiple Tables
This module explains how to write queries which combine data from multiple sources in SQL Server. The module introduces the use of JOINs in T-SQL queries as a mechanism for retrieving data from multiple tables.
Lessons
•Understanding Joins
•Querying With Inner Joins
•Querying With Outer Joins
•Querying Using Self and Cross Joins
Lab : Querying Multiple Tables
•Write queries using inner joins
•Write queries using multi-table joins
•Write queries using self joins
•Write queries using outer joins

Module 5: Sorting and Filtering Data
This module explains how to enhance queries to limit the rows they return, and to control the order in which the rows are displayed. The module also discusses how to resolve missing and unknown results.
Lessons
•Sorting Data
•Filtering Data
•Filtering with the TOP and OFFSET-FETCH Options
•Working with Unknown Values
Lab : Filtering and Sorting Data
•Write queries that filter data using a WHERE clause
•Write queries that sort data with the ORDER BY clause
•Write queries that filter data using the TOP option
•Write queries that filter data using the OFFSET-FETCH clause

Module 6: Working with SQL Server Denali Data Types
This module explains the data types SQL Server uses to store data. It introduces the many types of numeric and special-use data types. It also explains conversions between data types, and the importance of type precedence.
Lessons
•Introducing SQL Server Denali Data Types
•Working with Character Data
•Working with Date and Time Data
Lab : Working with SQL Server 2012 Data Types
•Write queries which return date and time data
•Write queries which use date and time functions
•Write queries which return character data
•Write queries which use character functions

Module 7: Using Built-In Functions
This module introduces the use of functions that are built in to SQL Server Denali, and will discuss some common usages including data type conversion, testing for logical results and nullability.
Lessons
•Writing Queries with Built-In Functions
•Using Conversion Functions
•Using Logical Functions
•Using Functions to Test for Nullability
Lab : Using Built-In Functions
•Write queries which use conversion functions
•Write queries which use logical functions
•Write queries which test for nullability

Module 8: Grouping and Aggregating Data
This module introduces methods for grouping data within a query, aggregating the grouped data and filtering groups with HAVING. The module is designed to help the student grasp why a SELECT clause has restrictions placed upon column naming in the GROUP BY clause as well as which columns may be listed in the SELECT clause.
Lessons
•Using Aggregate Functions
•Using the GROUP BY Clause
•Filtering Groups with the HAVING Clause
Lab : Grouping and Aggregating Data
•Write queries which use the GROUP BY clause
•Write queries which use aggregate functions
•Write queries which use distinct aggregate functions
•Write queries which filter groups with the HAVING clause

Module 9: Using Subqueries
This module will introduce the use of subqueries in various parts of a SELECT statement. It will include the use of scalar and multi-result subqueries, and the use of the IN and EXISTS operators.
Lessons
•Writing Self-Contained Subqueries
•Writing Correlated Subqueries
•Using the EXISTS Predicate with Subqueries
Lab : Using Subqueries
•Write queries which use self-contained subqueries
•Write queries which use correlated subqueries
•Write queries which use scalar and multi-result subqueries
•Write queries which use the IN and EXISTS predicates

Module 10: Using Table Expressions
This module introduces T-SQL expressions which return a valid relational table, typically for further use in the query. The module discusses views, derived tables, common table expressions and inline table-valued functions.
Lessons
•Views
•Table Expressions
Lab : Using Table Expressions
•Write queries which use views
•Write queries which use derived tables
•Write queries which use common table expressions
•Write queries which use inline table-valued expressions

Module 11: Use Set Operators
This module introduces operations involving multiple sets of data. It will cover the use of the UNION, UNION ALL, APPLY, CROSS APPLY, OUTER APPLY operators as well as the EXCEPT and INTERSECTS operators.
Lab : Use Set Operators
•Write queries which use UNION set operators and UNION ALL multi-set operators
•Write queries which use CROSS APPLY and OUTER APPLY operators
•Write queries which use APPLY with derived tables and functions
•Write queries which use EXCEPT and INTERSECT operators

Module 12: Using Window Ranking, Offset and Aggregate Functions
This module introduces window functions including ranking, aggregate and offset functions. Much of this functionality is new to SQL Server 2012. It will cover the use of T-SQL functions such as ROW_NUMBER, RANK, DENSE_RANK, NTILE, LAG, LEAD, FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE to perform calculations against a set, or window, of rows.
Lab : Using Window Ranking, Offset and Aggregate Functions
•Write queries which use ranking functions
•Write queries which use offset functions
•Write queries which use window aggregate functions

Module 13: Pivoting and Grouping Sets
This module discusses techniques for pivoting data in T-SQL as well to introduce the fundamentals of the GROUPING SETS clause. It will also cover the use of GROUP BY ROLLUP and GROUP BY CUBE syntax in SQL Server 2012.
Lab : Pivoting and Grouping Sets
•Write queries which use the PIVOT operator
•Write queries which use the GROUPING SETS subclause
•Write queries which use GROUP BY ROLLUP
•Write queries which use GROUP BY CUBE

Module 14: Querying SQL Server Metadata
This module introduces the use of SQL Server system objects in T-SQL queries. It will cover the use of system catalog views, system stored procedures, system functions, and dynamic management objects.
Lab : Querying SQL Server Metadata
•Querying system catalog views
•Querying system functions
•Querying system dynamic management views

Module 15: Executing Stored Procedures
This module introduces the use of existing stored procedures in a T-SQL querying environment. It discusses the use of EXECUTE, how to pass input and output parameters to a procedure, and how to invoke system stored procedures.
Lab : Executing Stored Procedures
•Use the EXECUTE statement to invoke stored procedures
•Pass parameters to stored procedures
•Return results from a stored procedure using the OUTPUT clause
•Execute system stored procedures

Module 16: Programming with T-SQL
This module provides a basic introduction to T-SQL programming concepts and objects. It discusses batches, variables, control of flow elements such as loops and conditionals, how to create and execute dynamic SQL statements, and how to use synonyms.
Lab : Programming with T-SQL
•Declaring variables and delimiting batches
•Using control of flow elements
•Generating dynamic SQL
•Using synonyms

Module 17: Implementing Error Handling
This module introduces the use of error handlers in T-SQL code. It will introduce the difference between compile errors and run-time errors, and will cover how errors affect batches. The module will also cover how to control error handling using TRY/CATCH blocks, the use of the ERROR class of functions, and the use of the new THROW statement
Lab : Implementing Error Handling
•Redirecting errors with TRY/CATCH
•Creating error handling routines in a CATCH block with ERROR functions
•Using THROW to pass an error message back to a client

Module 18: Implementing Transactions
This module introduces the concepts of transaction management in SQL Server. It will provide a high-level overview of transaction properties, cover the basics of marking transactions with BEGIN, COMMIT and ROLLBACK.
Lab : Implementing Transactions
•Controlling transactions with BEGIN and COMMIT
•Using XACT_ABORT
•Adding transaction handling logic to a CATCH block

Module 19: Improving Query Performance
This module introduces the concepts of system resource usage and the performance impact of querying SQL Server 2012. It will cover, at a high level, the use of indexes in SQL Server, the use of execution plans in SQL Server Management Studio, and the use of SET options to view system resource usage when executing queries. It will also compare set-based operations with cursor-based operations.
Lab : Improving Query Performance
•Viewing query execution plans
•Using SET STATISTICS statements
•Viewing index usage
•Comparing cursors to set-based queries